The evergreen trees with the longest needles are types of pine trees (Pinus). As a young tree, the sugar pine has a narrow pyramid shape. Expect needles 4 to 6 inches long on these evergreen trees. This list encompasses some of the most popular types of pine trees. It was introduced to much of central and eastern Europe where it has become naturalized. Torrey pine (Pinus torreyana) bears needles 8 to 13 inches long and grows at a rate of 36 inches per year. Pine trees bear inconspicuous flowers and produce pine cones in a variety of sizes, from small to very large. Anticipate needles 8 to 12 inches long when you plant these evergreen trees that grow 65 feet tall and have very large cones over 3 inches long. nigra var. It’s native to Southern California and puts out cones in fall or winter. Some species of evergreen trees are large elegant trees and some are small bushy shrubs. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Note: Although a conifer, larch tree needles will turn yellow, and it sheds its needle cluster annually. Types of Long-Needled Evergreen Trees. for 1+3, enter 4. These are some of the longest needles on evergreen trees you can find. The tree is very slow-growing when young. What Evergreen Trees Grow Well at High Elevations? The tree is widely cultivated for its ornamental value, and also for use as a Christmas tree. Murrayana, Lodgepole Pine-Pinus contorta subsp. It can also tolerate dry conditions, though it performs best in well-draining, moderately moist soils. It can take as long as 150 years to reach its full height, with a life expectancy of around 500 years. It takes a broad conical shape, typically growing as wide as it is tall. The scotch pine is also known for its long term needle retention, meaning less clean up for you when Christmas ends. This pine tree is native to China, Japan, the Korean peninsula, and a small part of Russia. The needles are noted for being exceptionally long, with each needle measuring up to 14 inches. The tree has an irregular shape, with a crooked and bent trunk and asymmetrical crown. Its name comes from the fact that the branches of the tree are flexible. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. They remain closed for long periods of time and only open to disperse seeds when disturbed by animals. They can be distinguished from other conifers as their needles grow in small bundles, and they produce attractive seed cones that can persist for many years. They can take the shape of shrubs, and small, medium, or large trees. This pine is known for its long needle retention, meaning that there is far less to clean up with the Christmas season ends. The foliage of this tree is needle-like, with each needle measuring up to three inches long. The seeds provide a valuable food source for both birds and squirrels. Cultivars and Varieties: Pinus contorta ‘Chief Joseph’, Bolander’s Beach Pine-Pinus contorta subsp. Longleaf pine (Pinus palustris) has needles 8 to 18 inches long and grows at a rate of 24 to 36 inches per year. These trees thrive in full sun and moist, well-draining soils. As it grows taller, much of the straight trunk can be seen as its branches are widely spaced out, leaving most of the trunk bare. It’s native to the Western U.S. and grows 50 to 100 feet tall at a rate of 24 to 36 inches per year. It cannot tolerate high levels of heat and humidity. Others will be considerably shorter, such as the inch and a half long needles on a jack pine. Cultivars and Varieties: Pinus parviflora 'Goldilocks’, Pinus parviflora ‘Bonnie Bergman’, Pinus parviflora ‘Hagoromo Seedling’, Pinus parviflora ‘Adcock’s Dwarf’, Pinus parviflora ‘Glauca’, Pinus parviflora ‘Tempelhof’. This tree is native to Canada, Mexico, and the United States, with its largest range being in the Rocky Mountains. Many cultivars exist that are also loved by home gardeners across North America and Europe, including ‘Glauca’ and ‘Bonnie Bergman’, which have received the Award of Garden Merit from the Royal Horticultural Society. It is noted for its resistance to salt spray, extreme winds, pollution, and frost hardiness. This is often a result of ocean winds that sculpt the tree in a particular way. But you may be surprised by how many pine tree varieties exist. This is an adaptable tree that thrives in a range of growing conditions. Some species of pine have very long needles, such as the 10-inch long needles of digger pine and sugar pine. The cones of this pine tree are oval and are red or purple. The cones are also large, with the most sizable seed cones of any native North American pine tree. It has large cones 1 1/2 to 3 inches long in summer, fall or winter. The bark of the tree is considered an ornamental aspect of the Austrian pine. The crown is dome-shaped, and bark is red-brown, which becomes papery and exfoliates with age. This is an easy tree to grow that is tolerant of a wide range of soil types, including clay soil and sandy soil. It is predominantly found in scrublands, forests, and woodland areas, typically at around 6000 feet above sea level. Dwarf Mountain Pines grow easily, adapting to a range of soils, including clay, sandy, acidic, or alkaline. This Southeastern U.S. native gives cones in fall or winter. The cones of the tree have a copper tint and remain sealed tightly shut until exposed to high temperatures. These evergreen trees add needles up to 10 inches long to your landscape. nigra var. Those of most spruces, firs and hemlocks are stubby and densely packed. This tree is native to Japan and Korea. The needles are noted for being exceptionally long, with each needle measuring up to 14 inches. Many people who buy this type of pine tree try to keep the branches trimmed. 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