The smooth, shiny, nonpeeling outer bark, red brown on younger stems, is almost black on older trunks and deeply furrowed into irregular scales. Omissions? River birch has no serious insect pests and is considered borer resistant. Usually about 18 m (60 feet) tall, the tree may reach 24 m or more in the southern Appalachians; on poor soil it may be stunted and shrublike. Sweet birch is an excellent tree for parks or campuses and naturalized areas. Sweet birch was introduced into the landscape in 1759. Sweet birch, (Betula lenta), also called black birch, cherry birch, and red birch, North American ornamental and timber tree in the family Betulaceae. Updates? To view each birch tree picture in full size just click on the tree picture. Hardiness Zone. Sweet birch is an excellent tree for parks or campuses and naturalized areas. For graduate student information, contact Dr. Doug Archbold at 859-257-3352, or, Sweet Birch - Betula lentaBirch Family (Betulaceae). They bloom in erect clusters at the tips of long shoots and persist through winter. Commercially made birch water may also contain added sugars and flavorings. This site was last updated on November 19, 2020. This is valuable and useful information that can help you to learn more about the birch tree. Cultivation and Propagation Information. The bark of yellow birch will have small curls of material similar to paper birch but thinner, with a golden hue. Birch water, also known as birch sap, is harvested in the early spring and has a clear color and slightly sweet flavor. You will find a lot of wonderful information on birch trees, including information about the birch tree species, planting information, and much more. Oil of wintergreen is now produced synthetically. Birch Tree Photos. Birch sap may be consumed both fresh and naturally fermented. The yellow birch is the official tree of the province of Quebec (Canada). Native to the eastern United States, the tree also attracts beautiful butterflies to the landscape, serving as a caterpillar/larval host. Male flowers, called catkins, bloom in the late summer or fall. Sweet birch, in juvenille specimens, will be relatively smooth with the all familiar lenticles all birch trees have. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. After two to three days, the sap starts fermenting and the taste becomes more acidic. The tree is not very vulnerable to deer browsing. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. It has had another interesting use. Hardiness Zone. Growth Rate. Sweet Birch turns brassy yellow in the fall. The birch is New Hampshire's state tree and the national tree of Finland and Russia. Birch Tree Photos. Notably the best of birches for fall color. Sweet birch trees offer copious amounts of shade in the summer, fend off the bronze birch borer better than any other birch, and have a sugary sap that can be used to brew homemade birch soda. For undergraduate student information regarding the Sustainable Agriculture program, contact Dr. Krista Jacobsen at (859) 257-3921, or Katsura welcomes autumn with a spicy-sweet smell and tangerine color. N-318 Ag Sciences Center University of Kentucky Lexington, KY 40546-0091, Fax (Lexington): 859-257-2859       (Princeton): 270-365-2667, For questions about home gardening, landscaping or commercial horticulture production, please contact your county extension agent. Notably the best of birches for fall color. Birch beer is made from the sap. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The tree is known for the strong wintergreen scent of its bark and leaves. It grows about 1 foot to 1.5 feet/year and lives about 150 to 200 years. Sweet birch is an attractive tree for lawns and naturalized areas, with shiny, red-brown bark and yellow foliage.